What Is Canine Influenza Virus?

jack russell dog sleeping in bed with high fever temperature, ice bag on head, thermometer in mouth, covered by a blanket

There are many causes of kennel cough, both bacterial and viral. Canine influenza virus (CIV) is one of the viral causes of kennel cough. This highly contagious respiratory disease has affected thousands of dogs in the United States. Because CIV is a relatively new virus, most dogs have not been exposed to it before. Dogs of any age, breed, and vaccine status are susceptible to this infection.

How Could My Dog Catch Canine Influenza Virus?
CIV is easily transmitted between dogs through a combination of aerosols, droplets, and direct contact with respiratory secretions. The virus does not survive for a long time in the environment, so dogs usually get CIV when they are in close proximity to other infectious dogs.

Which Dogs Are Prone to Canine Influenza Virus? 
Any dog who interacts with large numbers of dogs is at increased risk for exposure. Pet owners should consult their veterinarian for information about the canine influenza vaccine.

What Are the General Signs of Canine Influenza Virus? 
While most dogs will show typical signs of kennel cough, but a small percentage of dogs will develop a more severe illness. Signs of canine influenza virus include:

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Variable fever
  • Clear nasal discharge that progresses to thick, yellowish-green mucus
  • Rapid/difficult breathing
  • Loss of appetite
  • Lethargy

Can Dogs Die From Canine Influenza Virus?
If CIV is quickly diagnosed and treated, the fatality rate is quite low. Deaths are usually caused by secondary complications, such as pneumonia. It is important that dogs with CIV receive proper veterinary care.

How Is Canine Influenza Virus Diagnosed?
Veterinarians will typically conduct a thorough physical examination and run a series of tests to diagnose the illness.

How Is Canine Influenza Treated?
Because CIV is a virus similar to the flu in humans, there is no specific antiviral medication available. However, supportive care and appropriate treatment of secondary infections are important. Your veterinarian may advise the following to soothe your dog while the condition runs its course:

  • Good nutrition and supplements to raise immunity
  • A warm, quiet, and comfortable spot to rest
  • Medications to treat secondary bacterial infections
  • Intravenous fluids to maintain hydration
  • Workup and treatment for pneumonia

Be advised, while most dogs will fight the infection within 10 to 30 days, secondary infections require antibiotics and, in the case of pneumonia, sometimes even hospitalization.

What Should I Do if I Think My Dog Has Canine Influenza Virus? 
If you think your dog has canine influenza virus, immediately isolate him or her from all other dogs and call your veterinarian.

Can I Catch Canine Influenza From My Dog?
So far there has been no evidence to indicate that dogs can transmit CIV to humans.

How Can I Help Prevent My Dog From Spreading the Disease? 
Any dog infected with CIV should be kept isolated from other dogs for 10 to 14 days from the onset of signs. Dogs are most infectious before signs are apparent, and can continue shedding the virus for approximately 10 days. This means that by the time signs of the illness are seen, other dogs may have already been exposed.

Source: https://www.aspca.org/pet-care/dog-care/canine-influenza-viruscanine-flu

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Easter Pet Poisons


The veterinarians at Pet Poison Helpline receive hundreds of calls this time of year from pet owners and veterinarians concerning cats that have ingested Easter lilies.

“Unbeknownst to many pet owners, Easter lilies are highly toxic to cats,” said Ahna Brutlag, DVM, MS assistant director at Pet Poison Helpline. “All parts of the Easter lily plant are poisonous – the petals, the leaves, the stem and even the pollen. Cats that ingest as few as one or two leaves, or even a small amount of pollen while grooming their fur, can suffer severe kidney failure.”

In most situations, symptoms of poisoning will develop within six to 12 hours of exposure. Early signs include vomiting, loss of appetite, lethargy and dehydration. Symptoms worsen as kidney failure develops. Some cats will experience disorientation, staggering and seizures.

“There is no effective antidote to counteract lily poisoning, so the sooner you can get your cat to the veterinarian, the better his chances of survival will be,” said Brutlag. “If you see your cat licking or eating any part of an Easter lily, call your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline immediately. If left untreated, his chances of survival are low.”

Treatment includes inducing vomiting, administering drugs like activated charcoal (to bind the poison in the stomach and intestines), intravenous fluid therapy to flush out the kidneys, and monitoring of kidney function through blood testing. The prognosis and the cost – both financially and physically – to the pet owner and cat, are best when treated immediately.

There are several other types of lilies that are toxic to cats as well. They are of the Lilium and Hemerocallis species and commonly referred to as Tiger lilies, Day lilies and Asiatic lilies. Popular in many gardens and yards, they can also result in severe acute kidney failure. These lilies are commonly found in florist bouquets, so it is imperative to check for poisonous flowers before bringing bouquets into the household. Other types of lilies – such as the Peace, Peruvian and Calla lilies – are usually not a problem for cats and may cause only minor drooling.

Thankfully, lily poisoning does not occur in dogs or people. However, if a large amount is ingested, it can result in mild gastrointestinal issues such as vomiting and diarrhea.

Other Dangers to Pets at Easter Time

Pet Poison Helpline also receives calls concerning pets that have ingested Easter grass and chocolate.

Usually green or yellow in color, Easter grass is the fake grass that often accompanies Easter baskets. When your cat or dog ingests something “stringy” like Easter grass, it can become anchored around the base of the tongue or stomach, rendering it unable to pass through the intestines. It can result in a linear foreign body and cause severe damage to the intestinal tract, often requiring expensive abdominal surgery.

Lastly, during the week of Easter, calls to Pet Poison Helpline concerning dogs that have been poisoned by chocolate increase by nearly 200 percent. While the occasional chocolate chip in one cookie may not be an issue, certain types of chocolate are very toxic to dogs. In general, the darker and more bitter the chocolate, the greater the danger. Baker’s chocolate and dark chocolate pose the biggest problem. The chemical toxicity is due to methylxanthines (a relative of caffeine) and results in vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, an abnormal heart rhythm, seizures, and possibly death. Other sources include chewable chocolate flavored multi-vitamins, baked goods, or chocolate-covered espresso beans. If you suspect that your dog ate chocolate, call your veterinarian or Pet Poison Helpline immediately.

Spring is in the air and Easter is a wonderful holiday. Remember that your pets will be curious about new items you bring into your household like Easter lilies, Easter grass and chocolate. Keep them a safe distance away from your pets’ reach and enjoy the holiday and the season.


SOURCE: http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/pet-owners/seasons/easter/

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Why Pets Need Dental Care

Pet Dental Care in Granger, IN

Does your pet have bad breath? If so, don’t ignore it and assume it will go away on its own. Bad breath is one of the signs associated with early gum disease, so it’s important to take action now, before the condition worsens. Dental disease is one of the most common conditions seen in pets, but did you know it’s also one of the most neglected? Kryder Veterinary Clinic wants to help pet owners be more proactive about their pets’ dental health to lower the risk of gum disease. That’s why we recommend regular professional dental exams and cleanings as needed, combined with at-home care.

Is Pet Gum Disease Similar to Human Gum Disease?

The short answer is yes. Just like gum disease in humans, pet gum disease starts with plaque accumulation, which can lead to infection. The disease is also progressive for pets and humans, and can affect other parts of the body. For pets, it can lead to liver, heart, brain, and lung disease, and if it’s not treated, it can even shorten a pet’s lifespan. As gum disease progresses, it can leave a pet in a great deal of pain and lead to tooth loss.

Another similarity between human gum disease and pet gum disease is the list of associated symptoms. The most common symptoms of pet gum disease include:

  • Bad breath
  • Red gums
  • Swollen gums
  • Ropey saliva
  • Problems keeping food in the mouth
  • Mouth bumps

How Can I Prevent Gum Disease for My Pet?

The best way to prevent gum disease for your dog or cat is by bringing them to a veterinary facility like Kryder Veterinary Clinic, where they can receive an annual wellness exam. During these exams, we can evaluate your pet’s teeth and gums to determine if a dental cleaning is needed. Some pets need cleanings annually while others may need them every two to three years. Cats typically can go longer without cleanings. If a cleaning is recommended, it’s best to schedule a separate appointment as soon as possible. Another way you can prevent gum disease is by maintaining your pet’s mouth from home with pet dental products, including pet toothbrushes, pet antiseptic sprays, prescription pet treats, etc.

About Kryder Veterinary Clinic’s Dental Services

To both prevent and treat pet dental problems, we offer comprehensive dental services for dogs and cats in our fully equipped dental suite. These include ultrasonic scaling, polishing, extractions, and dental treatment. We perform all dental services under general anesthesia for the safety of our patients. If you’d like to schedule a dental appointment for your pet at Kryder Veterinary Clinic, fill out the form on this page.

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The Kryder Veterinary Clinic Remodel

Our animal hospital remodel is ALMOST done! Just a couple finishing touches left to do but most of those are behind the scenes. We are so excited to share the finished product with you! After all, the remodel was done with our clients and patients in mind!

Our Animal Hospital Tour 

As you step in the door, you will be overwhelmed with a sense of cleanliness and calm. For those animals that are nervous, our place will become warm and quiet for them. For the animals that need a belly rub, we’re here to help! We can now focus on compassionate care and relieving pain by surrounding ourselves in an environment we all want to work in!

Dr. Eichenseer says of the remodel: “Our workplace remodel turned out great! It’s wonderful to see the improvements in our hospital. My favorite part is the canvas photos in our exam rooms. Did you know they are our own family pets? So, as I work with each client I am surrounded by photos of my friends. They keep watch over me and remind me why I work at KVC.”

Some of Our Newest Features 

Next time you come to visit, take a look at the walls! There are pictures of our history, your furry family members, and our friends. If you’re wondering what they all mean, please ask! Each picture on our walls has a story of its own.

The decals also make a wonderful addition. The Labrador with the leash in his mouth makes us giggle. Or, can you find the rats? We can turn this into a game. Look for the rat decals. There are several peaking around each corner. Count them! How many do you see?

Our fish tanks received lots of love in the remodel too. They all have new residences and accessories. The turtles, fish, and reptiles are happy to finally be back in their familiar spots so they can see our clients and patients. We have cichlids in exam room 5 that are laying eggs and having babies. Be sure to check out baby Oscar in room 4 as he will be BIG soon!

Thank You from Our Team 

The remodel has been hectic and we appreciate your patience as we get things completed. Through noise and dust our clients and patients have stood by us and we’ll forever be grateful. Thank you for your overwhelming positive response to your new space. We’re glad you are happy with our choices.

Come in and visit soon!

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Have a Safe Holiday Season with Your Pet

Holiday Pet Tips

During the holiday season, there are so many dangers our pets may encounter, but if a few extra precautions are taken, you can keep your best friend safe. The team at Kryder Veterinary Clinic makes every effort to help keep your pet safe all season long.

Top 5 Most Common Holiday Dangers for Pets

These are some of the most common dangers that our team often encounters at our animal hospital during the holiday season:

  • While we can handle having a few drinks in celebration of the season, our pets cannot. It’s important to always keep alcoholic beverages out your of your pet’s reach to ensure that they’re safe from the danger of alcohol poisoning.
  • Christmas trees. It isn’t the holiday season without a festive tree! However, these lovely decorations can also cause a few hazards in the home. Christmas trees can be knocked over by overly adventurous and curious pets, causing damage to the home and injury to the animals!
  • Electrical cords. Does your best friend like to chew? The sight of all those new cords under the tree may be too appealing for your pet, so we recommend disguising and hiding electrical cords to prevent your pet’s curiosity. It’s also important that they never be left unattended around the decorations!
  • Holiday meals and sweets. You hear all year round that there are foods your pet should never consume, but during the holiday season we have so much more of those dangerous foods around the house! Traditional holiday meals contain so many of those dangers, like poultry bones, onions, garlic, grapes, and more. In addition, we often do a lot of baking during the holidays, introducing our pets to even more potential dangers with chocolate, sugar, macadamia nuts, raisins, and more. Keep those foods and treats out of your pet’s reach at all times!
  • Poinsettias and other holiday plants. For some odd reason, the most popular plants to bring inside the home at the holidays are toxic to your pet! Poinsettias, amaryllis, and lilies of all kinds are dangerous and we recommend keeping them out of your pet’s reach at all times so that your pet doesn’t have access to the leaves or berries that may fall off. You may also want to consider purchasing silk flowers for the look of the festive plant without the dangers.

If you have any questions about your pet’s safety and well-being this holiday season, please contact our team at Kryder Veterinary Clinic. That’s what we’re here for! Have a happy and safe holiday with your pet this year.

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Exceptional Veterinary Care from Kryder Veterinary Clinic

Veterinary Care in Granger, IN

The animal care team at Kryder Veterinary Clinic is committed to providing the most exceptional care possible to our patients and the most compassionate service to their loving owners. We are available to meet each one of your pet’s needs and we’re committed to ensuring that our patients receive the care and treatment they require, no matter what!

Our veterinary clinic has been in business since September 1981, when we started in a small building off State Road 23. We are proud to have grown and expanded more than three times since we first opened, ensuring that we provide the most complete care possible for the pets of our community in Granger.

Our Mission at Kryder Veterinary Clinic

The Kryder Veterinary Clinic mission is to provide excellent medical care throughout your pet’s lifetime. As a team, we focus on compassionate care for our patients, ensuring that we relieve their pain and improve their quality of life, all while providing education and service for you! We have been voted as a Blue Ribbon Business in the South Bend Tribune’s annual survey, and voted #1 in the Reader’s Choice for the past 9 out of 10 years!

We invite you to “like” us on Facebook and subscribe to our blog so that we can keep you updated on the latest in veterinary medicine and the latest in veterinary specials offered at our animal hospital!

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Is Your Pet Safe from Halloween Dangers?

Pet Halloween Dangers - Kryder Veterinary Clinic

Happy Halloween! The fall holiday is almost here and the team at Kryder Veterinary Clinic wants to make sure that the pets of our community are safe at all times. The Halloween season brings with it many dangers that can affect our best friends, but as a pet owner, you can help to protect them! We’ve offered a number of fall season tips for pet owners below, but if you have questions or concerns about your pet’s health and well-being, please contact us!

Pest Prevention Continues Into the Fall

When the weather starts to get cooler, many pet owners are under the impression that the threat of potential pests lessens, but the truth is that it actually increases! Pests like fleas and ticks are looking for warm hosts and your pet is the perfect choice. Make sure that you’re still using all pest preventatives year round!

Candy & Sweets Are Poison to our Pets!

Halloween is a season of fun costumes, festive decorations, and tasty treats, but it can also be a season of dangers for our best friends! Make sure that your pet is provided with treats that are safe for them and never given a human treat such as chocolate or candy, especially sugar free candy which contains an ingredient that is toxic for pets.

Pet Halloween Costume Safety

Are you dressing your four-legged friend up in a costume this Halloween? Pets in costumes are the cutest things, but as a pet owner, it’s important to remember that it’s your responsibility to make sure they are also comfortable and safe in their costume!


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The Importance of Pet Wellness Exams

Pets are family, and like the other members of your family, they need regular health checkups so you as the owner can be sure they’re healthy. Many pets—especially cats—are masters at hiding their illnesses, and some conditions might be asymptomatic or evident only with the results of a diagnostic exam. These are all reasons that the wellness exam for your dog or cat is so important.

To keep your pet healthy, Kryder Veterinary Clinic in Granger, IN recommends that you bring your pet in at least once a year for a wellness exam. You can learn more about the importance of the pet wellness exam by viewing our recent video on our Facebook page.



About the Pet Wellness Exam

 During a standard wellness exam at our clinic, we examine your pet from nose to tail to check for abnormalities that could indicate an infection or other ailment. The wellness exam includes an assessment of the following:

  • Weight: to ensure that weight aligns with recommended Body Condition Score for your pet’s age and breed
  • Skin and Coat: to check for dandruff, dry skin, fleas, and other conditions
  • Eyes, Nose, & Ears: to check for conditions like cataracts, dry eye, ear mites, and discharge
  • Teeth and Gums: to detect tartar build-up, bad breath, and other signs that may indicate gum disease
  • Heart and Lungs: to check for heart murmurs, crackles, rales, and other abnormalities
  • Legs, Abdomen, and Anal Sac: to check for pain, masses, and other conditions

After the exam, we use the information we gather to create a wellness profile for your pet, so we can monitor their health from year to year. We can also discuss your pet’s diet, behavior, and lifestyle during this visit so we can determine if any changes need to be made.

Common Pet Health Problems

Even if your dog or cat lives indoors primarily or never goes outside at all, there are a number of health problems that they can be at risk for. Some are parasite-related while others are weight-related. Below is a list of five of the most common ailments seen in dogs and cats:

  1. Dental disease
  2. Obesity
  3. Urinary tract disease
  4. Diabetes
  5. Fleas

While some of these conditions can easily be detected during the standard wellness exam, others may require X-rays or laboratory work to make a more accurate diagnosis. Regardless of the condition, it all begins with the standard physical wellness exam.

If it’s been a while since your pet has been to the vet, or if you’ve noticed any abnormalities in their body or behavior, schedule a wellness exam at Kryder Veterinary Clinic in Granger, IN today!

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Love, Hope, and Veterinary Medicine: Renovations


A client walked out today because of the machinery noise.   This makes us sad, we LOVE our clients and to not be able to serve them like we normally can is a struggle.

Many tough decisions have been made to update our 20 year old building.  We knew it would present some hurdles and some days we would have to be closed.  However, renovations are temporary.  We are excited for the wonderful fresh new “face” lift but it comes with some heavy hearts.  We do not like having to shorten our surgery schedule, shorten our staff, and rearrange appointments.  It doesn’t do a service to our clients and patients.  They are our number 1 priority and it is difficult to maintain a level of professionalism when you are screaming over construction machinery or sitting on a pile of dust.   First/second/third impressions are important and we HOPE our clients are patient enough to hang with us while we make their clinic beautiful.

And it WILL be beautiful.  And Clean.  And Fresh.

Our HOPE is that your new clinic is warm and inviting.  We LOVE the paint and flooring that was picked out and believe that it will add to your veterinary experience.    We thank you for your tolerance.

Love and Hope,


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Why Do We Need Exams?

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